Subcortical white matter (WM), thalamus, cerebellar cortex, and corpus callosum were most affected. Higher cigarette pack-years related to smaller volumes in several subcortical regions. Magnetic resonance imaging studies of cigarette smoking-related effects on human brain structure have primarily employed voxel-based morphometry, and the most consistently reported finding was smaller volumes or lower density in anterior frontal regions and the insula. Much less is known about the effects of smoking on subcortical regions. We compared smokers and non-smokers on regional subcortical volumes, and predicted that smokers demonstrate greater age-related volume loss across subcortical regions than non-smokers. Non-smokers (n = 43) and smokers (n = 40), 22–70 years of age, completed a 4 T MRI study. Bilateral total subcortical lobar white matter (WM) and subcortical nuclei volumes were quantitated via FreeSurfer. In smokers, associations between smoking severity measures and subcortical volumes were examined. Smokers demonstrated greater age-related volume loss than non-smokers in the bilateral subcortical lobar WM, thalamus, and cerebellar cortex, as well as in the corpus callosum and subdivisions. In smokers, higher pack-years were associated with smaller volumes of the bilateral amygdala, nucleus accumbens, total corpus callosum and subcortical WM.
Oct 3, 2017 - Evansville Courier & Press Gary Thurby, left, and Heath Thurby are third- and fourth-generation tobacco farmers at Thurby Farms in Henderson County, Ky., Friday afternoon. They are hoping the tobacco crop this year makes up for the meager harvest of the past two years. DENNY SIMMONS / COURIER & PRESS ( continue reading ) Click one of the buttons below or search. Here you can find useful examples and description about searching the news archive. Read it carefully to get the best results. If you need more help, please contact us. Searching is case insensitive. Words music and mUSIC return the same results. Some of the common words like the, is, etc.
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